Top Poultry Diseases You Should Keep Off Your Farm At All Costs Part 1


Top Poultry Diseases You Should Keep Off Your Farm At All Costs Part 1

What are the common diseases of poultry birds and how to cope with the diseases?

Heat Stroke Caused by Hot Weather

Chickens do not perspire when it is hot – they pant and hold their wings out from their bodies. When the temperature is more than 37.8°C (100°F), chickens may die from heat stroke. Make sure chickens have plenty of shade and cool drinking water. Completely open all areas for air flow. Add extra waterier or buckets of water to reduce crowding. Spray with water especially if any deaths occur. Spray the ground or deep litter during the heat of the day.

Newcastle Disease

Signs of Newcastle Disease:

✓ Loss or drop in egg production in mild cases

✓ Bad egg shell quality

✓ Diarrhea

✓ Nervous signs such as twisted necks

✓ Difficult breathing

✓ Mortalities – varies depending on severity of infection

This disease cannot be cured; however, in mild cases, production returns after two or three weeks. If mortality is severe, it is necessary to kill all the chickens. After killing all the chickens, clean the chicken house and all the feeders, drinkers, nesting boxes and perches with a disinfectant. You can eat the chickens that did not look sick. After cleaning and disinfecting, new chickens that have been vaccinated for Newcastle Disease can be placed in the chicken house.

READ ALSO:What climate change is doing to farm productivity now

You can stop young chickens from getting Newcastle Disease by giving them vaccine. The vaccine must be kept in a refrigerator until you are ready to use it. As soon as it is out of the refrigerator it should be used quickly. There are different types of vaccine to prevent young chickens from getting Newcastle Disease: eye drop, injection, putting the vaccine in the water. The veterinary drugstore should supply information about how and when to use the vaccine.

Coccidiosis

This disease is common in chickens starting from a very young age. If a chicken has Coccidiosis it may show the following:

✓ Diarrhea – may be bloody

✓ Listless, droopy and weak

✓ Not eating – off feed

✓ Appear cold – show ruffled feathers

✓ Mortalities

There are several drugs for treating Coccidiosis: Liquid Amprol used for 3 to 5 days at the treatment level and for 7 to 10 days at the prevention level; Sulfamethazine (Sulmet) or Sulfadimethazine (Albon) at the label’s recommended level. Adding 2 teaspoons of sugar per liter of water may make it more palatable.

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