Common Pig Diseases Series: Foot and Mouth Diseases


Foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, highly contagious, viral of animals with hooves, such as cattle, water buffalo, goats and pigs.


Symptoms, treatment and prevention methods for FMD in pigs are the same as those of FMD affecting cattle and water buffaloes.

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  • Blister-like sores and ulcers on the feet, mouth, muzzle, udder and teats.
  • High fever.
  • Refusal to eat. Heavy salivation.
  • Hooves sometimes fall off.
  • Lameness.


  • Herbal medicine (Herbal medicine relieves only the symptoms of FMD)
  • Western medicine: Treat the animal with any of the following: Alum ( potash alum) and gentian violet.
    Dissolve alum in I glass of gentian violet: Use cotton to apply the solution to blisters 2-3 times a day. This will quickly dry up blisters.
  • Formalin and gentian violet: Mix 1 glass of formalin with 1 glass of gentian violet. Apply the solution to the blisters 2-3 times a day. This will also dry up blisters.
  • Antibiotics: Inject antibiotics like penicillin-streptomycin into the muscles of the hip or neck to fight complications. Repeat the injection for 34 days.
  • Vitamins: Inject Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) into the muscles of the hip or neck to speed up wound healing.


  • Regularly vaccinate animals against FMD.
  • Isolate infected animals.
  • Do not slaughter or sell infected animals. Destroy and bury them.
  • Quarantine infected areas.
  • Report FMD to the nearest veterinarian and agricultural service centre.

READ ALSO > Common Pig Diseases Series: Hog Cholera


VIDEO: pigs with FMD

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