Common Pig Diseases Series: Foot and Mouth Diseases

Foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, highly contagious, viral of animals with hooves, such as cattle, water buffalo, goats and pigs.

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Symptoms, treatment and prevention methods for FMD in pigs are the same as those of FMD affecting cattle and water buffaloes.

Symptoms

  • Blister-like sores and ulcers on the feet, mouth, muzzle, udder and teats.
  • High fever.
  • Refusal to eat. Heavy salivation.
  • Hooves sometimes fall off.
  • Lameness.

Treatment

  • Herbal medicine (Herbal medicine relieves only the symptoms of FMD)
  • Western medicine: Treat the animal with any of the following: Alum ( potash alum) and gentian violet.
    Dissolve alum in I glass of gentian violet: Use cotton to apply the solution to blisters 2-3 times a day. This will quickly dry up blisters.
  • Formalin and gentian violet: Mix 1 glass of formalin with 1 glass of gentian violet. Apply the solution to the blisters 2-3 times a day. This will also dry up blisters.
  • Antibiotics: Inject antibiotics like penicillin-streptomycin into the muscles of the hip or neck to fight complications. Repeat the injection for 34 days.
  • Vitamins: Inject Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) into the muscles of the hip or neck to speed up wound healing.

Prevention

  • Regularly vaccinate animals against FMD.
  • Isolate infected animals.
  • Do not slaughter or sell infected animals. Destroy and bury them.
  • Quarantine infected areas.
  • Report FMD to the nearest veterinarian and agricultural service centre.

READ ALSO > Common Pig Diseases Series: Hog Cholera

 

VIDEO: pigs with FMD

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